The following is the ORA-19598 error message, you can learn the cause and solution of the Oracle database error.


ORA-19598 can not backup SPFILE because the instance was not started with SPFILE

Cause: A backup command requested a backup of the SPFILE, but no SPFILE was used to start up the instance.

Solution: Create an SPFILE and restart the instance using the SPFILE.

Case:

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